Monday, 19 March 2007

Letters from starsland Grammar school to their friends in the Potlmend school uk

Dear friend
How are you . we hope you are in good health. To day in this letter we want to tell you about your questions.
1. how many people live in booni?
Ans there are more than 8thousand peoples live in booni. In each houses there are 10 to 20 members lived together. The populition of booni is increasing day by day to a very high the case the land become decrease.The people of other pleases come in booni for education and for job. In this way the population is increase.
2 does it have a main centre?
Ans yes booni is main center of sub division mastuj which is situated in the north of booni. It is 60 km away from booni.booni has too many villages. In booni there are many schools, hospitals ,offices like blso , akrsp. There are many private schools for grils and boys. There are also post office.other people out of booni like mastuj parwak awi etc comes to booni for seeking knowledge and for jobs.
3 how for is booni from the nearest town and what is the name of the town?
Ans chitral is the nearest town of booni. It is 75 km away from booni there many villages situated between booni and chitral. Chitral is a very beatifull place with high mountains. It has a large number of population.
4 how to people travel in the valley ?
Ans in 50 years ago the ancient peoples used to use or ride on horses and donkey for traveling. But now a days man has able to discover such kind of vehicles which changed the style of traveling. Now a days peoples used such kind of vehicles like car, bicycle, motors, and buses which make the condition of peoples well. Due to such kind of discoveries man can able to travel faster.
5 How long does it take to get to the nearest big town?
Ans it take tow or three hours to get to the nearest big town because there is no tilted roads.
6 what sorts of jobs do most of the people do in booni ?
Ans there are many sorts of job most of the people do in booni. People of booni work in every fields of life.some are doctors, some are teachers some are bankers some are shopkeepers.
7 does every body who lives in boni work there?
Ans no the all people of booni does not live in booni. Some are works in big cities for the purpose of jobs. We can give you a surprise that the people of booni also worked on foreign countries.


Dear friends
How are you?
To day we want to tell you about your questions.
How does the land effct s farming in the area?
The land effects farming due to increase in population,and the land decrease and due to building more houses in every year effects farming in the area.
What crops do we grow?
Our village soil is very fertile ,that is why every kind of crops are grown in the area.
Are certain types of farming carried out in certain part of the land?
Yes cetain type of farming are carried out in certain parts of the land.
What does a typical house in booni look like?
A typical house in booni look a square.It has one big funnel in the middle of a roof and has one door. It is made up of mud breaks ,stones and wood. The walls are supported by at least ten pillers. It has a wood store inside the house, sitting place in the center, cooking in the center, and in both sides of the house are beds for sleeping.
What are the houses made of?
The houses are made up of mud breaks ,woods .stones and cement some times.the roof is made of wood and tins.the floor is mud ,or cemented.
Do all the houses in booni have an electric suply?
Yas all the houses in boni has electricity, no house have been seen without electricity.
How is electricity made?
There is a hydro electric power station in Reshun village14 km down to booni. The power station is made by german company in the recent years, it provides electricity to the wole chitral district.

Thank you
From waseem, hyder and sabir hussain.

Dear friends
How are you?
To day we want to tell you about your questions
How often does it snow in booni?
In winter season there often snow in booni. When it snow the weather become very cold. In this season we wear warm cloths. In one month snow falls three or four times.
When does it usually snow?
It usually snow from december to this month snow falls too much. Then after,from march to may the rain is starts. In 2004,october we get snow too much. In this year our houses,trees and all thing has been destroyed.
How much snow do we get?
We get snow about three to four feets. Every area covered with snow and the sun disapp ear.
How does the snow effect peoples live in booni ?
The snow effects many peoples live in booni very badly. In snowy season we have to face many problems. In this weather the water can not come in our tap because of cold weather. Snow effect the road also and the vehicles can not travels in this times.
What are the tempeature like in summer?
In summer the temperaure is above 35-degree centegrate in summer every things become green. Every people like this beacause of it beauty. In summer every things are rippen. In this the tourists come here and enjoy it beauty.
What are the tempeature like in winter?
In winter the tempeature is about minus 0 to-3 degree centegrate. In winter we eat dry summer time we have to collects all things for winter,e.g, fruits, woods andmany other things.

From ;Shaista, Nadia and Rukhasana

Dear friends
how are you.
Today we are writing you the answers of your questions.
How does the land effect farming in the area?
In every year the population of booni is increasing and the land is decreasing, and too many houses builts every year in booni due to decreasing of land, thus the land effect farming in the area.
What crops are grown in the area?
In booni every kinds of crops are grown, because the soil of booni is fertile and plenty of water is available in booni. The main crops of booni are rice, wheat, maize and kidney been etc.
Are animals kept by the farmers, if so what sort?
Yes, the farmers of booni kept many kinds of animals, for example, goat, sheeps, cows, bullocks and horses etc.
Are certain types of farming carried out in certain parts of the land?
Yes certain types of farming carried out in certain parts of the land. If the soil is fertile then we can get good crops from the land.
What does a typical house look like in booni?
In a typical house of booni there are three or four rooms. There are four pillar in the house to support the roof. In the middle of the roof is one big funnel.
What are the houses made of?
The houses of booni are made of many things ,such as the walls are made of stone and mud bricks, the roof is made wood and tin, and the floor is made of cements.
Do all the houses have an electricity supply?
Yes, all the houses have an electricity supply, because there is an hydro electric power station in Reshun. A village near booni.
How is the electricity made?
We have an electric power station in Reshun, in this power station , there is abig tubine, with the help of water the turbine produce electricity.

With thanks
Safdar Ali, Mir sahib jan and siraj Ali

Dear friend
How are you?
In our letter we are going to inform you about the wheater
How often does it snow in booni?
In booni the weather is very cold in winter. In the first week of December its begin to snow. Its keep snowing till February. In three months electricity is not available in our these three months we have to face many problems.
When does it usually snow?
Its often snow in winter season , for example, December, January,and February.
In these three months it snow very heavely, and in the month of march it began to rain and our houses began to leaking . in our village our houses are made of mud and wood so that our house are leaking in raining weather.
How much snow do we get?
We get three to four feet snow in winter season. in winter season we can not come to school and our school remains close for two months.
How dose the snow effect people lives in booni?
The snow creates many problems for the people of booni. Snow perishes our crops. We have very poor electric line so that electricity is not available in winter. in winter season the roads are blocks, due to heavy snow fall we have to face many problems for traveling from one place to another. cold effect many diseases ,such as fever and flue.
What are the temperature like in summer?
The temperature in summer is very beautiful, and mind blowing. the temperature in summer is 30 to 35 degree. the summer season is very hot so that the wet clothes become dry within five minutes, we enjoy the summer season as compare to winter season.
What are the temperature like in winter?
The temperature in winter season is cold and breezy. the temperature in winter season is minus 0 to minus 15 degree centigrade.

Good bye

Friday, 9 March 2007

Action Research in the stars'land school booni

Action Research plan

By syed Muzafar Hussain

Problem: why do class 7 students not have good reading habits?

Reading is considered one of the central dimensions of the learning process. We learn from our environment, books alongside other learning materials. All these resources contribute to the enhancement of our knowledge. Many school teachers have observed that students do not adopt particular reading habits. There is a lack of awareness about the many important benefits of reading, especially regarding the improvement of their knowledge.

I teach social study and English in class 7, I also noticed the same situation in my class, therefore to find out the root causes of this problem I selected class 7 students in my school for my research study. My aim was to trace out the reasons for a lack of interest in reading, thereby allowing me to improve the learning habits of my students.

Aims and Objectives
The purpose of this study is to explore the techniques required to motivate class 7 students to adopt, both directly and indirectly, the types of reading habits that will have positive benefits for their education in the most broadly conceived manner. There is a need for great attention to be invested in this important educational issue. As educationalists we hope that the students will realize the importance of the benefits of reading for the enhancement of their knowledge and understanding. Students should adopt reading habits with the aim of enjoying reading rather than conceptualizing it as a burden

Significance of the study
This issue is not a central issue only for my school, but for schools across the Chitral region. If strategies are successfully applied in my school which brings positive changes to the behavior of my students, then the findings of the study can be useful for other schools in chitral as well, not least because it has been a common issue in most of the schools in the area. It will not only enhance my own understanding but other teachers can also be helped related to the same issue.

Research question
 How can I help students of class 7 in my school, improve their reading habits?

Subsidiary questions
 What type of activities are the students engaged in to enhance their reading habits?
 Why the students do not have reading habits?
 What strategies can be helpful to develop the reading habits among the students?


This study aims to develop reading habits among the students. I think the best way to achieve this target is to deploy action methodology. First, I shall make plan, act accordingly, observe it and reflect on tenuous points during my research.

I shall make groups of different students and assigned them various reading activities. I shall give them books to read at home and ask them to write down some interesting points from the books. Students will be encouraged to collect informations from the books they have read. Students will be allowed to select books of their own interest. Use of the library will be open for all. Students will not only be given task to do at home to improve their reading, but at school they will also be taught different techniques including, reading practice, sessions to discus the content of the given text and cooperative learning method will be adopted in order to encourage the students to become good readers.

The research study will be carried out in my own school named stars’land Grammar school Booni. Research will be conducted on the students of class 7; the whole class will be involved in the process. The main factor to choose this class is - this is the most senior class in the school, withen three years time will their secondary exam and take admission in the high secondary classes, therefore the habit of reading will be helpful for them if it was adopted early age.

Entry Negotiation
Field work will be started after negotiations with the students of class 7th. I shall also share my research plan and research schedule with them and take their signs on consent forma for the research purpose.

Data gathering tools
I shall use the following tools for the data collection purpose.
 Observation
 Interviews
 Field Notes
 Reflective Journals
 Document Analysis

I shall observe the students reading skills, one before each study and at least five times after implementation of the plan. I shall observe the class twice in a week.

I shall take interview from each student, one before the implementation and the rest after the action plan. The interviews will focus on the reading set to the students, their understanding of the texts they have read, and importantly the modes of enjoyment they experience during the reading of the books.

Field notes

Field notes provide important information. Thus, students will be observed when reading their books in the class and the actions of the students will be noticed and noted down.

Reflective journal
Teacher’s personal not book or diary can be used to reflect on field notes in order to find out proper ways for the revise plan, thus, all teachers involved in the process will be asked to keep a personal diary during the course of the project. This would also help while writing the report in the end of the research period.

Document analysis
Weekly and monthly tests will also be conducted in the schools: these tests will be designed to explore the level of understanding of the students. I shall analysis those documents in order to their validity as data.

Data analysis procedure
Data analysis will be a continuous process through out my research study. I shall go through this data in order to find out the results of the action taken during the study.

Ethical considerations
The whole research plan will be discussed with the research participants. I shall not disclose any details concerning my research participants. During this period of the research the data will be used for the research purpose only. Instead of real names pseudonyms of the research participants will be used.Concent forms will be filled and signs of each of the research participants will be taken.

Time line for action research

S.No Activity Time line Remarks
1. Entry negotiation The 2nd two weeks of march 2007 Students, parents and staff will be informed about the research study.
2. Reconnaissance 15 march to 30 march 2007 An interview will be conducted in order to know about their activities at homes. Time table will be managed for their activities at home.
3. Data collection process march15– 2005 to 15th april-2007. During this period lesson planning, action, observation interviews, discussions field notes, document analyzing and strategies will be applied.
4. Data analysis and writing. April 16 – 2007 to 1st may 2007. After 16 april 2007 data will be analyzed, and report writing will take place. The first draft will be shared with the concerned supervisor in PDCC.
5. Submission of Action Research Report. 1st may 2007. Final paper will be submitted in PDCC.